WHO SETTLED IN AMEERSFOORT
De Langstraat, North Brabant
A LONGSTREET FAMILY HISTORY
R(ubert) J(ames) Longstreet
C O N T E N T S
A LIST OF 700 LONGSTREETS WHOSE LINEAGE HAS BEEN ESTABLISHED
SMALL GROUPS AND INDIVIDUALS NOT YET CONNECTED WITH THE IMMIGRANT ANCESTOR
INDEX TO LONGSTREETS INCLUDED IN THE MANUSCRIPT
INDEX TO NAMES OF MEN AND WOMEN WHO MARRIED LONGSTREETS
Truly, the figure of an ancestor is a wonderful thing...Plato
Those who do not look upon themselves as a link connecting the past with the future do not perform their duty to the world....Webster
Happy he who remembers his progenitors with pride, who relates with pleasure to the listener the story of their greatness, or their deeds, and silently rejoicing, sees himself linked to the end of this godly chain.... Goethe
He only deserves to be remembered by posterity who treasures up and preserves the history of his ancestors...Burke
Our fathers find their graves in our short memories, and sadly tell us how we may be buried in our survivors...The greater part must be content to be as though they had not been buried, to be found in the register of God, not in the records of man...Sir Thomas Browne
Call to remembrance the former days...Heb. X, 32
Let us praise famous men, and our fathers that begot us....Eccl.XLIV, 1
Our ancestors, whether we know who they are or not, roll away at gathering speed into the past, at times taking us with them. From our summit, turning back to look, we can see them fading into the distance, the perspective diminishing head by head, individuals merging into the crowd, and beyond that into the misty ramifications of history...Each of us...is a synthesis of his race...Sir Robert Sitwell
Nor is the name LONGSTREET common in the country. Published family histories often include several thousand descendants of an early colonial ancestor. But perhaps not more than 2,500 or 3,000 Longstreets have been born in the United States in the last 300 years. The number of children per family in the first generation averaged 6.5, which is below the colonial average. In the mid-period, the average was 5.5. in the later generations the average has been only 3.3. The ratio of boys to girls has been about normal, tho there has been a small excess of girls. Infant mortality, as for as can be determined, was not in excess of that of the times. The vital statistics indicate simply that the Longstreets just have not multiplied as rapidly as the average American family has. A parent-child ratio of 2:3.3 is hardly sufficient to maintain the family, in the light of non-marriages, childless marriages and infant mortality. There are some male Longstreets of the late 18th century who are represented today by only one or two male descendants. Whatever be the reason, the fact is that the immigrant DIRCK STOFFELS LANGESTRAET who settled in Long Island, in 1657, probably coming from North Brabant in Holland, has not been blessed with a numerous progeny, if the available records tell half of the story.
Not all of the Longstreets now living in America, or who have lived here, are descendants of Dirck Stoffelse. In the Appendix will be found a brief account of the "other" Longstreets.
In the biographical sketch of Cornelius Tyler Longstreet (1814-1881) of Syracuse, N.Y., in the National Encyclopedia of American Biography, V, p.69, we may read:
The authority for the above statement is now unknown, but as we shall see, it is not wholly accurate.
The Longstreets were of Dutch descent, the first of the name in America being three brothers who came over in the 17th century and settled in New Jersey; one of them subsequently removing to Pennsylvania and one to Georgia.
According to the 1790 U.S. Census, there were no Longstreets living anywhere outside of New Jersey at that time. For New Jersey itself we are limited in our search to such "Ratables" (tax lists) as may have been preserved, because the N.J. census for 1790 was destroyed by fire. The Trenton records show that in 1790 there were at least 18 Longstreet freeholders in Monmouth and Middlesex Counties, with five or six more in neighboring Sussex and Somerset Counties. These men, with few exceptions, can be traced to two sons of the immigrant ancestor who moved from Long Island to Monmouth County, N.J. in the year 1698 or close thereto.
A preview of the data to be presented in this MS shows that the two sons of Dirck Stoffelse viz. Stoffel and Aaron, settled not far apart in Monmouth County, N.J. upon leaving Long Island. Stoffel settled in Shrewsbury Tp and Aaron (Adrian) in Freehold Tp. This Shrewsbury-Freehold area was sometimes called the "Neversink" or the "Navesink". Sons of the descendants of these two brothers later moved out into what in early 18th century became South Brunswick Tp, in Middlesex County, and into Upper Freehold Tp. in Monmouth County. It is possible to distinguish four "lines" or branches of the family in the 18th century, based on local Jersey geography: (1) the Shrewsbury Longstreets (chiefly with a settlement on the Manasquan River, often referred to as 'Squan); (2) the Middlesex County Longstreets, living chiefly in Rocky Hill, Kingston and Cranbury and later flowing over into what later became Somerset and Sussex Counties; (3) the Upper Freehold Longstreets from who descended the Southerners; and (4) the Holmdel Longstreets of Freehold Township.
As previously stated, there is no record of any Longstreets outside of New Jersey prior to the Revolution (except for the immigrant ancestor on Long Island, and for a few named in the Penna. Archives who are not presently identifiable.) For almost a century, the family seemed content to live in Jersey. But as the 19th century dawned and the nation had established its independence, the "Westward Movement" began and the Longstreets also began to move. The first, apparently, was one of the Upper Freehold group, who went to South Carolina and thence to Georgia shortly after the Revolution. His is the only branch of the family for which there is a published genealogy. (Mayes' GENEALOGY OF THE FAMILY OF LONGSTREET, WITH ITS RELATED FAMILIES...compiled and written for private information, Jackson, Mississippi, 1893, 181 pp. This small work is incomplete and contains some inaccuracies.)
Another Longstreet who moved out of New Jersey about this time was a South Brunswick Township young man named Cornelius, son of a Revolutionary soldier named James; Cornelius appeared in Onondaga County, N.Y. as early as 1802. About this time, two or three Jersey Longstreets went up into western New York. By 1815, some of the family started west to Ohio, and apparently some went up into Canada. By the end of the 19th century there were Longstreets in many parts of the country, North, East, South and West. But the tribe remained relatively small in numbers, and the name is not commonly met to this day, either in person, or in any of the "local histories".
It may be noted that New Jersey records are much less complete than are those of some of the other original colonies; and that when the Westward Movement began, the territories were even less favorable places for any sort of vital statistics. The consequence is that Longstreet family records are hard to come by. There are Longstreets in New Jersey today who are unable to trace their ancestry back to the first settlers in Monmouth County. In fact, as early as 1840, there were inter-marriages without any apparent knowledge of a family relationship.
In the latter part of this MS will be found a report on some branches of the family which the writer has never been able to connect with any 18th century name. Since 1910, the writer has been gathering data on the family, the sources being listed a few pages below.
The title of this MS might well be:
The first will of record in this name is that of the son of the immigrant ancestor and is signed STOFFEL LANGSTRAAT, tho the clerk or other person who drafted the testament spelled the name in the English style, LONGSTREET. That is the first known appearance of the modern spelling - the year was 1739. The baptismal register of the Dutch Reformed Church at Marlboro, N.J. has the name spelled LANGSTRAAT up to 1760. From the mid-eighteenth century, LONGSTREET became the accepted spelling.
It will become evident that this MS is predominantly about New Jersey Longstreets. About 65% of all the males named herein were born in New Jersey. There are several possible reasons for this predominance, the chief one being that New Jersey is the ancestral home of the family, save for perhaps an initial thirty-odd years on Long Island. So far as is known, all the descendants of the immigrant ancestor in the third generation, i.e. all of his grand children save one, were born in New Jersey; and, with a few possible exceptions, the same is true of the great-grand children. In the fifth generation, they still stayed in New Jersey, save for the one who went South just after the Revolution, and at least one who ventured across the Delaware into northeastern Pennsylvania. It was not until the nineteenth century that Longstreets began to appear in the Mid-west, upper New York, Canada, New England, etc.
A second reason for the predominance of New Jersey in this record is that most of the research has been done in the court houses, libraries and cemeteries of New Jersey. We believe that we have unearthed almost all of the names in that state (prior to 1900). But it is quite unlikely that we have discovered a majority of the names of Longstreets who scattered themselves over the U.S. in the last hundred years. As for the twentieth century, we have made no real effort to collect names. This is the age of vital statistics and if it is ever worthwhile to add the 20th century births, marriages and deaths, some one will make the effort.
The percentages of names of males totaled for the first eight generations, by States, is approximately as follows:
New York State........7%
The Netherlands Embassy, Washington, D.C. informs us that the name "Langstraat" refers "to a section of the Netherlands which is called 'de Langstraat'...a name given to a long stretch of villages in North Brabant province between Vligmen (west of 's-Hertogenbosch) and Raamdonksveer (near Geertrudenberg)...well known because of the many shoe factories which are located in the area. The center of the district is Wallevigh".
County Court House Records
Bureaus of Vital Statistics
Documents in State Capitols
I. - LOCAL HISTORIES
1. Bicentennial of the Reformed Church of the Navesink, NJ
2. Biographical Encyclopedia of New Jersey in the 19th Century
3. Biographical and Portrait Cyclopedia of Middlesex, Monmouth and Somerset Counties, NJ, by S. T. Wiley
4. Early Dutch Settlers of Monmouth County, NJ, by G.C. Beekman
5. Early Landmarks of Syracuse, N.Y., by G. S. Strong
6. Encyclopedia of New Jersey Biography, by Mary B. Ogden
7. Families of the Wyoming Valley, Penna.
8. First Settlers of Piscataway and Woodbridge, NJ, by M.J. Monnette
9. Genealogical and Memorial History of Mercer County, NJ, by F.B. Lee
10. History of Burlington County, NJ, by Woodhead
11. History of Middlesex County, NJ, by Wall and Pickersgill
12. History of Monmouth County, NJ, by Ellis
13. History of Onondaga County, New York, by G.S. Strong
14. History of Old Tennent Church, by F. R. Symmes
15. History of Sussex and Warren Counties, N.J., By Jas. Snell
16. New Brunswick in History, By W.H. Benedict
17. New Jersey Coast in Three Centuries, By Wm. Nelson
18. Pioneer Times in Onondaga County, N.Y., By C.E. Smith
19. Princeton and Its Institutions, By Hageman
20. Register of Early Settlers in Kings County, Long Island, New York, By T.G. Bergen
21. This Old Monmouth of Ours, By Horner
22. History and Biographical Cyclopedia of Butler County, Ohio
1. Daniel Perrine and His Descendants, by H.D. Perrine 2. Genealogy of the Family of Longstreet and Related Families (Southern Branch), By Edw. Mayes
3. Descendants of Allen Breed (Breed Family Record), By J.H. Breed
4. Distinguished Families in America Descended from W. Beekman and Jan T. Van Dyke, By Wm. S. Aitkin
5. The Eddy Family in America
6. Field Genealogy
7. History of the Van Sickle Family, By J.W. Van Sickle
8. Register of the Ancestors of Dorr Eugene Felt, By A.L. Holman
9. The Rev. William Schenck: His Ancestors and His Descendants, By A.D. Schenck
10. The Sayre Family, By T. M. Banta
11. Stillwell Genealogy, By J.E. Stillwell
12. Tyler Genealogy, By W. I. Tyler Brigham
13. Strycker Family Genealogy, By W. S. Strycker
14. The Wykoff Family in America, By W. F. Wykoff and M. B. Streeter
15. Richard Higgins and His Descendants
1. Genealogical Magazine of New Jersey
2. New York Genealogical and Biographical Record
3. Genealogy and History
4. Detroit Society for Genealogical Research Magazine
5. New Jersey Historical Quarterly
6. Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography
7. Proceedings of the New Jersey Historical Society
8. Somerset County Historical Quarterly
9. The Jerseyman
10. American Ancestry
1. AUGUSTUS BALDWIN LONGSTREET, By J. D. Wade
2. JAMES LONGSTREET: LEE'S WAR HORSE, By Eckenrode and Conrad
3. JAMES LONGSTREET: The Soldier and the Politician, By D. B. Sanger and T. R. Hayes
4. Collections of the New Jersey Historical Society
5. Collections of the New York Genealogical and Biographical Society
6. D.A.R. Lineage Books
7. Documentary History of New York
8. Documents Relating to the Colonial History of N.Y.
9. Documents of the State Assembly of New York
10. Historical Collections of the State of New Jersey, By Barker and Howe
11. Kings County, New York, Genealogical Club Collections
12. New Jersey Archives
13. Pennsylvania Archives
14. Official Register of Officers and Men of New Jersey in the Revolution.
15. S.A.R. Application Papers
16. Historical and Genealogical Miscellany, By J. E. Stillwell
References in this MS are included in the text rather than as footnotes, and are quoted by code or abbreviation, thus:
(L-1) means Local History, Reference #1Abbreviations used:
(F-1) means Family History, Reference #1
(P-1) means Periodical Historical Publications, Reference #1
(M-1) means Miscellaneous, Reference #1
b.- born; d. - died; bp. - baptized; m. - married; ca. - about; res. - residence; Tp. - Township; aet. - age; cem. - cemetery; inscr. - inscription; co. - county; bur. - buried; dau. - daughter
To all Christian people to whom this present writing shall come: Know ye thatt I Dirck Stoffelsen living att Ameersfoort in Kings County upon Long Island in ye province of New York weduwaer of Catherine van Lewen deceased, being now remarried with Johanna havens widdow of Johannis holsard deceased my present wife:
Therefore know ye thatt I Dirck Stoffelsen above sd being in perfect memorie make hereby my present loving wyf Johanna haavens in my last will and testament my sole joynty heir and executrix of all my whole estate both moveable and unmoveable onely excepted my eldest son Stoffel direcksen shale injoye a lumm for weavings, so as ye lumm comes from ye workman: in the time of a yeare from ye date here of above his tother brother and sister butt all my whole estate as above sd is left unto my loving wyf Johanna haavens: she to be my joynty heir and executrix duering her lifetime: without any molestation or disturbance by my children, or by thier procurement, att any time or times whatsoever hereafter; remarrion or nott remarrien, my loving wyf above shall remain my joynty heire and executrix.
And therefore I Johanna havens widdow of Johannis holsard deceased, living in ye same towne and countie and province above specified, being now remarried with Dirck Stoffelsen my present husband I Johanna above sd being in perfect memorie, doe hereby as my last will and testament, make my present loving husband my sole and joynty heir and executor of all my estate moveable and unmoveable none excepted and if god should be pleased to give us children together in our marriage, them children then with the rest of our fore children: are to have equal portion together after our decease butt ye surviving of us either male or female is to possess both whole estates of both sides without molestation or disturbance of both parties theire children or anyone else of theire procurement att any time or times whatsoever hereafter: this is our will so to do being in perfect memorie, and in confirmation both parties have hereunto sett our hands this 18 of februa 1690/1.
the presence of us:
JOHN EMANS: Clerke
We do not know the date of death of Dirck's first wife Catherine, but she was with him as witness to a baptism on 11-16-1684 (See Holland Yearbook, 1898). As we see above, Dirck was remarried by Feb. 18, 1690/1. In 1698, there was a census of Flatland, Long Island, in which was listed the then family of Dirck Langstraat, consisting of "Men 1 Wo 1 Chil 3" (M-7, III, 88). On 4-25-1696, Dirch is recorded with his second wife Johanna Havens at the Reformed Dutch Church in Brooklyn, witnessing the baptism of grandsons Jan and Dirck (M-11 I,79) The last known record of this family in Long Island is the following: (P-2, 54:180)
Sept. 10, 1698: Antony Warshaer of Flatlands and Maritje his wife deed Stoffel Langstraat, Adrian Langstraat, Johannes Holsaer, Classje Lake and Cretje Williamse, late of Kings County, house, orchard, etc. in Flatlands bounded by property of John Vandyckhuys and Derick Amertman. The parties of the second part paying full value to Antony Holsaer, Benjamein Holsaer, Dirick Langstraat and Marytntje Langstraat when they are of age or marry the ninth part of said property. Signed by Antony alone. Wit by Henry Filkin and Ferdinand Vansycklyn, Jr. Ack. Sept. 15, Rec'd Sept. 16, 1698 before and by Henry Filkin, Reg.We know from the ante-nuptial agreement that Dirck had three children by his first wife Catherine, viz. eldest son Stoffel and a brother and a sister. In the Warshaer deed we learn the name of the brother, i.e. Arian (Adrian, Aaron). We learn the name of the sister, Classje, from (M-11). Thus Dirck's first three children, by Catherine, were: Stoffel, Adrian and Classje. The Warshaer deed names two more as minors in 1698, and therefore of the second marriage, i.e. Dirick and Maryntje.
This list of five does not wholly agree with the Flatlands census of 1698. Who the third child of that list may have been remains undetermined.
The list of five is also in diagreement with (L-20), where Bergen states that the children of Dirck were: Stoffel, Classje, Adrian, Richard of Shrewsbury, Johannis (sup), and Samuel (sup). Berger may have counted Johannis Holsard of the Warshaer deed as a Longstreet, in error. Of his "Samuel", there is no present explanation. Nor do we know why Bergen credited "Richard of Shrewsbury" to a place as a son of the Immigrant Dirck, for the Warshaer deed again lists "Dirick" as a minor in 1698, and in any case born after 1690, as a son of Dirck and Johanna. In the light of such data as we now have, it seems likely that this "Richard" is a grandson of Dirck by his son Stoffel, and the author of will #2659M (see later); that is, he is the Dirick b. 1696 to Stoffel and Mayke Lanen. Therefore we shall proceed to develop his family history on the assumption that the immigrant ancestor founded his line upon the two elder sons, viz. Stoffel and Adrian (Aaron). Of his third son, by Johanna, we have no further data.
2. Stoffel Dircksen b. ca. 1666
3. Classje Dircksen b. ca. 1672
4. Adrian (Aaron) bp. 9-16-1677
(Omitting Dirck's two children by his second marriage - Dirick and Maryntje - for neither of whom we have any record of issue.) [Note]
12-1-1739 "in the 13th year of His Majesty King George the Seconds Reign" proved at Perth Amboy, 3-1-1741, executors being his sons Richard, Aury and Theophilus. The will begins with these words:
In the name of God Amen. I Theophilus Longstreet of the town of Shrewsbury in the county of Monmouth and eastern division of the Province of New Jersey, yeoman, being in good health of body and of sound and dispensing mind and memory, thanks be given to Almighty God for that and all other manifold mercies to me, do in this my time of health ordain and constitute this my last will and testament, in the manner following, that is to say, first and principally I give and recommend my soul into the hands of God that gave it, and my body to the earth to be decently burried.....nothing doubting but at the general resurrection to receive the same again by the mighty power of God.....The will is signed: STOFFEL LANGSTRAAT. (Apparently the one drawing the will for him, used "Theophilus" as equal to "Stoffel".
In the will, Stoffel refers to his "beloved wife Mercy" (Mayke), to eldest son Richard to whom he gave a plantation on the north side of the Manasquan River, to "second son Gilbert", to "third son Aury" to whom he gave a tract "at Raritom", to a fourth son Theophilus, and bequeathed 100 pounds each to his daughters Yonica, Catherine, Mary, Sarah, Moica and Anne.
Stoffel's wife Mayke also wrote a will which has survived, signed by her with her mark, 4-8-1752 and proved 3-13-1753. She named of the sons only Stoophel and Gisbert. Mayke herself is named in her father's will of 11-7-1720 as "wife of Stoffel Langstraat". Her father signed his will as "Gilbert Lane", but his formal Dutch name was Gysbrecht Tuysz Laanen Van Pelt. In (P-8, 2:115-6) we read that Mayke's father moved to Monmouth County about 1700. He had a ... (Printing error)
It is not possible to establish accurately the dates of birth of the children of Stoffel and Mayke, save for those whose names are entered in the Register of the "Old Brick Church" of Marlboro and which are marked with an asterisk (*) below. The date for the birth of Dirck (Richard) is in the Register of the Dutch Reformed Church of Brooklyn. The psresumed order of birth of the children is as follows:
5. Dirck (Richard) bp. 4-25-16963. CLASSJE DIRCKSEN LANGESTRAET, F1, b. 1672, m. Abraham Lott (P-2,Oct 1952) of Long Island. The Reformed Dutch Church record in Brooklyn has this 4-25-1696 entry:
8. Mary bp. 5-6-1702 (Bergen)
9. Sarah bp. 11-26-1710*
10. Gisbert bp. 11-26-1710*
11. Aurie (Awrey, Aaron) bp. 11-26-1710*
12. Stoffel bp. 12-25-1713*
13. Moica bp. 5-6-1715*
14. Ann b. ca. 1718 (Bergen)
Jan Abraham Lodt and Classje Langstraat, parents. Dirck Langstreet and Johanna Havens, wit.From the same church records, we establish the children of Classje as follows:
Dirck Stoffel Langstraat and Mayke Lanen, parents. Dirck Langstraat and Classje, wit.
i. Rem4. ADRIAN (AARON) LANGESTRAET, F1, bp. 9-16-1677, d. 1728, m. Christine Janse. (L-20) states that he was "on the assessment roll of Flatlands, L.I. in the census of 1698; deacon of the Freehold, New Jersey Dutch Reformed Church, 1721, to which place he had removed. Issue all baptized in Marlboro, NJ" i.e. in the Dutch Reformed Church of the Navesink, serving the area of Freehold, Middleton, Holmdel, Marlboro, etc., the "Old Brick Church".
vi. John bp. 4-25-1696
vii. Peter viii. Charity
Adrian's will (#397M) dated 3-3-1727, refers to his wife Styntje (Christina). Ellis (L-12) gives the date of marriage as 1707. The will is signed "Aaron". The descendants who contributed data to Lee (L-9) reported that Adrian was a cordswainer and had a farm near Holmdel (Freehold) which is doubtless the present "Longstreet Farm", long held by members of the family but now in other hands. Of the children mentioned in the will, only four are recorded as baptized at Marlboro (these are marked with an asterisk (*) below.)
15. Katrinke bp. 11-27-1709*The spreceding pages have named the children and the grandchildren of our immigrant ancestor. In the male line, we have thus set up through the sons of Stoffel and Adrian (Aaron) the following third generation "Heads of Families":
16. Jan bp. 1-13-1711*
17. Dirck b. ca. 1713 (L-20)
18. Nelly b. ca. 1715 (L-20)
19. Winifred b. ca. 1718 (L-20)
20. Maria b. ca. 1721 (L-20)
21. Arianche bp. 10-3-1723*
22. Stophel bp. 4-10-1726*
23. An unborn child mentioned in the will (1727)
Dirck (5) and Gisbert (10) The Manasquan Line
Aurie (Awrey) (11) The Brunswick Line
Stoffel (12) The Southern Line
Jan (John) (16) The Freehold Line
Richard (17) The Princeton Line (shortlived)
Stoffel (22) Probably has no living descendants
Richard named as his children: eldest son then living, Samuel; two younger sons, Awrey and Richard; three older daughters, viz. Catherine, Moica and Mary; daughters Alice and Ann; two grand-daughters by eldest son Stophel deceased, viz. Catherine and Alice.
The Second Book of Shrewsbury Friends Record, under date of "1767, 9, 12 mo" lists as witnesses at a wedding in Manasquan what are probably four of the above children, viz. Anne, Else, Catherine, Samuel.
The order of birth of Richard's children is not established by baptismal records (save for the last two which are to be found in the Parish Record of Christ Church in Shrewsbury.)
24. Catherine6. JONICA (JANE) m. (1) William Osborn, (2) Peter Knott of Deal, NJ (F-11,IV,153;8,69). Her will is dated 10-10-1774. Order of birth of children is uncertain:
25. Moica b. ca. 1730
30. Alice (perhaps b. 1-13-1742)
31. Richard bp. 12-13-1745, aged 3 mos.
32. Anne bp. 6-17-1748, aged 2 weeks, 3 days
i. Maycah m. 11-16-17497. CATHERINE prob. the Katrina (Karyntie) Langestraet who m. Jan Sutven and had 5 children bp. at Marlboro:
iii. Catherine m. S. Osborn
i. ____________ bp. 4-10-17268. MARIA (MARY) bp. 5-6-1702 according to Bergen (L-20). The "Old Brick Church" records two baptisms by parents Maria and Willem Hendrickse which seem to belong here:
ii. Maria bp. 5-21-1732
iii. Jannetje bp. 8-25-1733/4
iv. Christopher bp. 3-6-1737
v. Christopher bp. 6-17-1738
i. Catherine bp. 9-15-1732
ii. Daniel bp. 11-25-1736
i. Mary who m. Cornelilus Cowenhoven
10. GISBERT (Variously spelled Guysbrecht, Gysbrecht, Guisbert, and finally Gilbert), b. ca. 1707, bp. 11-26-1710 (Old Brick Church), m. Rachel Schenck, dau. of Garret Reolofse and Neeltje Coerten (Van Vorhees) Schenck (F-9,40). He was a resident of Shrewsbury Tp, in 'Squan, and is probably the Gllllytsbrecht Longstreet who was appointed a Justice in Monmouth County on 6-6-1751, and on 3-16-1756 (M-12,22:242). His will (#2301M), dated 4-20-1755, proved 11-8-1758, refers to his wife Rachel, sons Garret and Gilbert (minors), and to daughters Moyca, Molley, Jane and Rachel. The order of birth is not known:
11. AWREY (AURY) bp. at Marlboro, NJ, 11-6-1710, m. (1) Catherine Osborn, dau. of Samuel Osborn and Katherine Pullion, of Shrewsbury, (See will of Samuel Osborn, dated 5-21-1754). He m. (2) Lydia Hull (NJA 22:242), d. 1793. His will dated 8-20-1791 (#8221L), proved 6-11-1793, reads in part:
In the name of God Amen, I Awrey Longstreet of the County of Middlesex Corporation of New Brunswick and Eastern Division of the State of New Jersey, Yeoman, being in perfect Health of Body and sound and disposing mind and memory many thanks be given to Almighty God for that and all other his manifold mercies to me and as it is appointed to all men to die I do make and ordain this my last Will and Testament in manner following that is to say my principally and first of all, I give and commend my Soul into the hands of almighty God who gave it and my Body to the earth to be decently buried at the discretion of my Executors nothing doubting but at the general resurrection to receive the same again by the mighty power of God, and as touching my Temporal Estate wherewith it has pleased God to bless me in this life I give and bequeath the same after the following manner and form, viz....Awrey gave his "beloved wife Lydia...one feather bed and furniture for same and likewise my riding-chair and harness...and my negro Caesar"; Awrey made bequests to the "two sons of my eldest daughter Moica, John Reid and Aaron Reid"; he gave his clock to his son Christopher; to his son Aaron he gave his smith tools and "all that part of my land situate and lying on the east side of the brook on which Thomas Van Dyke formerly built a saw-mill"; he gave his daughter Ann, wife of William Surtis, 120 pounds of "prock" money; to "the children of my son Derick Longstreet deceased, 100 poounds; to three children of "my deceased son James in the followin manner, viz. to his two sons cornelius and Aaron 100 pounds and to his daughter Helena 50 pounds"; to his daughter Lydia, wife of Mather Van Dyke 100 pounds and also "twelve acres of woodland lying on Rocky Hill in the County of Middlesex on the easterly side of the Great Road"....He appointed as executors" Samual Longstreet, Christopher Longstreet and Aaron Longstreet, all of them my sons". Awrey's residence in Middlesex Countly, at Rocky Hill, was doubtless due to "the tract at Raritom" bequeathed him by his father (see will #1001M). The exact location of this property has not be determined. In 1766 a re-survey of the Somerset-Middlesex County line was made, and a preserved copy shows "Longstreet Road" on the Middlesex County side of the lline, next to Rocky Brook, just west of Kingston and Millstone River. We do not knowhow early Awrey occupied his tract in what, after 1700, was created into South Brunswick Tp, an area about seven by eight miles and in which area came to be settled the towns of Kingston, Rocky Hill and Cranbury (L-11,I,p.52). Awrey is listed as a freeholder there in 1748 (L-8,p.358). There is a deed which he signed as "arre" in Lib. H-2, p.398, in 1754. In the Trenton State House are many "Retables" or tax lists on which Awrey (listed as "Aaron") owned 350 acres of improved land valued at 70 pounds, 7 horses, 15 head of cattle, 10 hogs and one slave. In 1786, his taxes were three pounds, o-half shilling and two pence. His farm suffered some damage from the British during the Revolution, evidence of which may be seen in a claim which he filed 10-19-1782 (see file in Trenton State House) and which asserts that in December, 1776, the British took away 5 loads of oats, some tanned calf-skins, one pair of stockintgs, worsted rope, 6 barrels of apples, 3 loaves of bread, and "one day with horse and wagon".
Awrey Longstreet, being sworn, saith that the above inventory is just and true to the best of my knowledge and that he was knowing to the British troops and their adherents during part of the above damage and that he has just reason to believe that they did the remainder and that he has not received any satisfaction for any of the articles.The order of birth of Awrey's children is difficult to determine. Only one baptismal record has been found and that seems to be for his eighth and last child(probably the only child born of his second marriage). He names in his will Moica as eldest daughter and refers to her first. Her com. inscr. (Topanemus Cem. near Marlboro) shows that she was b. 5-15-1755. His second named child in the will is son Samuel and if this is the Samuel bur. First Presbyterian Churchyard at Cranbury, he was b. 1738. The inscr. reads "died 12-21-1829 in the 91st year of his age". If, as seems most probable, the Aaron bur. in the Presbyterian Churchyard at Kingston is Awrey's son, the he was b. 1741 (SAR application papers #36022 and #45468). The cem. inscr. reads that he d. 5-25-1829 in 88th year; the worn stone bears marks which well may have been "junior", an appelation found frequently in the records of the time for this son of Awrey. The daughter Ann who m. William Burtis 3-15-1764 was, therefore, not born much later than 1746. The son James has a son b. 1777 (as per cem. enscr. in Onondage Vallen, N.Y.) who m. a wife who was pb. before 1755; therefore James was in all likelihood b. of Awrey's first marriage.
In the light of such data as we have, the following is proposed as the order of birth of Awrey's children:
39. Moica b. 5-15-173512. STOPHEL (CHRISTOPHER) b. 7-14-1712, bp. 12-25-1713 in the Old Brick Church at Marlboro, m. 12-16-1743 Abigail Wooley, dau of Thomas Wooley, d. 8-31-1782. Abigail was b. 5-17-1717 BS S, 5-25-1786 (F-2). Stophen is the progenitor of the Southern line of Longstreets. He lived in Upper Freehold Tp where, on the "Retables", he is listed as "Stofil". A number of deeds executed by him are in the files at the Trenton State House. Prior to 175 he lived in Shrewsbury Tp. Symmes in his History (supra) noted that Stophen "was one of the first trustees of the Old Tennent Church which was granted a royal charter 2-21-1750. He was the son of "Theophilus" and his wife Mercy Lane, and was bp. in the Dutch Reformed Church in Long Island (in this, Symmes seems to err). He m. Abigail Wooley Dec. 1743 and moved to Allentown, 1756, where he bought a grist-mill, concluded Symmes. The list of children found in Mayes' small history of the Southern branch does not agree entirely with the list named in Stophel's will (#5252N) dated 11-19-1779. Daniel was probably deceased by that date and is not named in the will. But Daniel is named as a son in a deed by Stophel (See Bk g-3, p. 332). The children of Stophel and Abigail:
40. Samuel b. 1738
42. Aaron b. 1741
43. Ann b. ca. 1745
44. Derrick b. ca. 1747
45. James b. ca. 1750
46. Lydia bp. 6-10-1759 (as per entry in Symmes "History of Old Tennent Church", p 214 which reads: "Aaron of Rocky Hill had baptized Lydia").
47. John b. 1744 according to cem. inscr. at Jacobstown, NJ.13. MOICA (Mayke) bp. 3-6-1716 (as per Marlboro Register) not to be confused with the Moica dau. of #5 Dirck who m. Rinear Van Sickle and had a child as late as 1771. Symmes (l-14) states that she m. John Little, a judge in the Monmouth County courts. (May be same as Johannes Leek). Children see to have been:
50. William b. 10-6-1759 (cem. inscr. Augusta, Ga.)
i. Mercy (Mary) b. 4-5-1739 m. Daniel Schenck 6-21-1759 (H&GM IV, p. 240)14. ANNE b. ca. 1718 (Bergen). Probably the Anne who m. Samuel Osborn, Jr. as his first wife 7-5-1740, and had:
ii. Elizabeth bp 6-3-1749 (Old Brick Church Register).
i. Samuel ii. Mercy iii. Catherine (?)15. CATHERINE (KATRINKE) bp. 11-27-1705 as per Register of the Old Brick Church (Marlboro). No further data.
16. JAN (JOHN) bp. Marlboro 1-13-1711, m. Antje Kuowenhoven, 12-17-1736 (L-20). The Old Brick Church Register contains several baptisms of children of Jan and Antje. He lived in Freehold Tp and his name appears on the "Retables" from 1748 to 1785 as "John". There is no surviving will. This may be the "Johon, Esq." who was a justice in Freehold 4-27-1780 (H&GM V, p. 399), and who was received into membership in his old age in the Marlboro church:
The names of Persons Received into visible membership in the Unighted (sic) Congregation of Freehold and Middletown under the Ministry of the Reverend Benj. DuBois........JOHN LONGSTREET, ESQ.....received on confession of faith, 4-24-1787Jan's children were:
53. Aaron bp 7-25-173717. DIRCK (DERRICK, RICHARD) There is no final proof tht this son of #4 Adrian is the "Richard of Princeton" for whom there are several printed accounts, e.g. Holman in (F-8) and Hegeman (L-9). Both agree on the names of the children, but neigher has complete vital statistics. Holman states that Richard of Princeton d. before 1790. But the New Jersey State Gazette reads:
54. Pietras (Peter) - the name appears in some local histories but not on the baptismal record. 55. Jan bp. 6-24-1744
56. Elias bp 9-6-1747
57. Aaron bp. 7-22-1753
58. Antje bp. 10-3-1756
Died on Monday, 14th inst. at his home near Princeton. Mr. Richard Longstreet, aged 77 years. Few men have lived to his age more generally respected or died more sincerely regretted. (Issue of 12-22-1795)Bergen gives date of birth as 1713 (L-20). But according to the Gazette item Richard was b. 1718. These discrepancie cast doubt upon the identity of Richard of Princeton with #17 Dirck, but the identity is assumed for the purposes of this account.
Richard was a framer in Somerset County (Mercer County had not been created at that time. He was an elder in the local church. It is proabably that he is the one referred to as "put up for the New Jersey Legislature" at a meeting held in Harlingen, 10-5-1782.
He is surely the intestate Derrick Longstreet of #1013R whose inventoroy was dated 12-26-1795 and for whose estate letters of administration were issued to Peter Strycker, Catherine Longstreet and Samuel Scudder. The children of Richard of Princeton:
18. NELLY b. ca. 1715 (L-20). This is probably the Neeltje Longstreet who m. Cornelius Lane of Readington (SCHQ 3:215 & 218) where we find these children listed:
i. Catherine b. 11-12-173419. WINIFRED b. ca. 1721 (L-20). This is perhaps the Nyntje whose m. lic. to William Guyon dated 10-1-1742 is in (M-12 22:254).
ii. Aaron (Aury in the Family Bible) b. 12-30-1736
iii. Gilbert (bp Gysbert) 4-23-1739
iv. Christian (bp. Styntie) b. 4-30-1741
v. Mary b. 11-9-1743
vi. Cornelius b. 2-17-1745
vii. Abraham b. 11-18-1748
viii. John b. 3-2-1751
ix. Jacob. b. 5-29-1753
x. Neeltje b. 4-6-1757
< i. Catharina bp. 12-11-1743/421. ARIANCHE (ANN) bp. 10-3-1723 in the Marlboro Church, Probably the Arianche whose mar. lic. to Dirck Aten, dated 8-16-1749 is in N.J. Archives 22:253, and who had three children baptized in the Readington church (SCQN 4:307; 5:56 & 60)
ii. Abraham bp. 6-9-1745
iii. Maria bp. 4-17-1748
iv. Aaron bp. 8-29-17--
i. Judick bp. 9-30-175022. STOPHEL bp. 4-10-1726 (Marlboro), m. 11-28-1753 (M-12 22:242) Neeltje Schenck, dau. Koert Schenck and Mary Peterse Cowenhoven (F-9 p. 42) Residence, Freehold Tp. His will (#2293M) recorded 11-4-1758 names two children:
ii. Adrian bp. 4-22-1753
iii. Christine bp. 4-26-1756
63. Christine bp. 11-3-1754 (Marlboro)The church register spells the father's name "Christopher" and "Christophel" and the surname "Langstraet".
64. Court bp. 3-6-1757 (Marlboro)
This ends our account of the lives of the grand-children of the immigrant Ancestor and of the third generation in America. We proceed now to the fourth generation and the great grand-children.
i. Dirck b. 9-11-147 m. Mary Cain
ii. Rynier b. 11-28-1749 m. Rebecca Firman
iii. Annetje b. 4-18-1752 m. George Warne
iv. Elsje b. 9-11-1754 d. 1763
v. Katrina b. 6-15-1758 m. Jacob Probasco
vi. Lydia b. 6-20-1760 d. 7-17-1790
vii. Aaron b. 7-8-1764 m Catherine Opdyke
viii. Peter b. 8-26-1766 m. Ellen Vanderbilt
ix. Samuel b. 1-28-1769 m (1) Johanna Oxford (2) her sister
x. David b. 7-17-1771 m. Mary Opdyke
67. Richard b. 1767The executors of the will of #31 Richard were Tabor Chadwick and Richard Longstreet. Richard's residence was Manasquan, Monmouth County, NJ (Howell Tp. created out of Shrewsbury Tp) A contemporary news item states that: "About 135 of the enemy landed Sunday last (April, 1778) on the south side of 'Squan Inlet....then crossed the river and burnt all except Dirrick Longstreet's; after this mischief they embarked".
76. Gisbert b. 1770 (DAR lin. supra)
iii. James (III)
89. William, b. 7-10-176_ (SAR papers)
90. Catherine (Gulick), bp. 5-10-1767 (SCHQ 8:228) "Eron Longstraat and Anne had Cate baptized at Sixmile Run". There was a Dutch Reformed Church at this point on a brook (a "run") six miles from the town of New Brunswick.
91. Betsy (Rule)
92. Ann (Bestedo)
93. Aaron b. 3-3-1775 (letter from descendant)
94. Euphemia (Bestedo), b. 1781 (cem. inscr. Kingston, NJ)
95. Samuel, b. 11-3-1782 if cem. inscr. at Kingston, NJ, belongs here, and d. 8-6-1839, aged 56.9.3
96. Christopher bh. 12-21-1766
97. Elsey b. 4-26-1768
98. Lydia b. 2-12-1770
99. Isaac b. 6-30-1772
100 Aaron b. 9-30-1774
101 Euphemia b. 12-29-1776
102. Cornelius b. 1777 (as per cem. inscr. Oakwood Cem., Syracuse, NY)
103. Aaron b. 4-11-1780
104. Helena b. 10-11-1785, See OC-I, pp.29-31, Middlesex County, NJ, for Elizabeth's expense statement: "To lying-in of my daughter Helena....and attending the child from 10-11-1785".
105. Gilbert b. 12-11-1788
109. Abigail b 1778 (cem inscr Jacobstown, NJ)
Daniel Longstreet was appointed a first lieutenant of Marines on board the ship Morris, Capt. Wm. Pickles, Commander, in the service of the United Independent States of Nort America, by Oliver Pollock, Commercial Agent at New Orleans, La. on 1 April 1778...In March, 1778, Capt. James Willling, of the Marines, and a small party of men arrived in New Orleans from Pennsylvania, having traveled by way of Ohio and Mississippi Rivers. They captured a number of prizes on the Mississippi which were sold in New Orleans for $37,500.00. One of these prizes, the "Rebecca", was armed.....Pollock planned to enlist 150 men and send his ship against His Majesty's sloop of war "Sylph" which was defending Manchac on Lake Pontchartrain. By July, 1779, Pollock had succeeded in obtaining and mounting 24 guns on the decks of his ship, whilch he now rechristened the "Morris" in honor of his well-known friend Robert Morris of Philadelphia. He had appointed a fullcomplement of officers (including Daniel Longstreet as First Lieultenant of Marines) and engaged 76 men to swell the complement...Pollock decided to send the "Morris" cruising; however, a severe hurricane swept over New Orleans causing considerable damage to the town and its shipping. The "Morris" was lost and 11 of her crew were drowned. The remainder of the crew was rescued some nine miles below the town, clinging to the wreckage of their ship. Our records concerning this phase of the Revolutionary War, which are very meager, fail to reveal any further record of Daniel Longstreet.
Of peculiar intereest to Augustans is the proposed celebration to take place shortly in New York of the 100th anniversary of the first successful attempt at steam navitation by Robert Fulton in 1807. This is interesting to Augustans by reason of the fact that Mr. William Longstreet of this city was the pioneer in the application of steam as a motive power, and in 1788 - years before Mr. Fulton began the study of steam power - secured a patent on a steam engine and actually had a steamboat in operation on the Savannah River a year before Mr. Fulton's trials on the Hudson River..... His greatest difficulty in making his models for his machinery...was the impossibility of obtaining proper materials...He had to use wood in building his machines, yet with this crude material, without assistance, ridiculed and laughed at by many, we find that in 1788 he had perfected and secured a patent on an engine which he applied to steam navigation. In Watkins "Digest of Georgin Law, p 382, we find that on Feb. 1, 1788, the General Assembly passed an Act "to secure Isaac Briggs and William Longstreet for the term of 14 years the sole and exclusive privilege of using a newly constructed steam engine invented by them...
On Sept. 26, 1790, William Longstreet wote a letter to the Governor of Georgia, stating, "I have no doubt you have often heard it laughed at, but in this I have only shared the fate of all other projectors, for it has uniformly been the custom of every country to ridicule even the greatest inventions until use has proved their utility".
His efforts to enlist the assistance of the Governor met with little success but...he kept faithfully at work in effort to perfect the steamboat. In the meantime he applied his knowledge of the use of steam machinery to the saw mill and to the cotton gin...
In the Augusta "Herald" of Nov. 10, 1808, there was the following article:
We are happy to announce that Mr. Longstreet's experiments with his newly ivented steamboat have answered his most sanguine expectations...The different spectators have been extremely gratified by the different essays he has made, and no doubt remains in their minds but his labors will be crowned with success.
The Atlanta newspaper article continues:
There are many of our older citizens who are positive that as early as 1806 Mr. Longstreet made a trial trip with his invention on the Savannah River' but should Mr. Fulton's trip on the Clermont be the first successful trip made by steam navigation, to Mr. Longstreet should be given the honor of the invention. For he had secured a patent on his engine, presumably designed for steam navigation, in 1788, two years before Mr. Hudson went to Europe to perfect his education...Mr. Longstreet never once relinquished his work towards perfecting the steamboat until his recorded success in 1808.
William Longstreet was a member of the Georgia Legislature in 1794-95 and the following account by Clalude G. Bowers in his "Jefferson in Power", p.299, is apropos:
In the winter of 1794-5, under the leadership of William Longstreet, a member of the Georgia Legislature, was engineered through that body by blatant criminal methods the sale to four land speculations companies of most of what is now the states of Alabama and Mississippi. It was accomplished by the most brazen and defiant bribery, in the open. The little town of Augusta was crowded with speculators wishing to be in at the kill; and not the least of them was James Wilson, Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court having on his person $25,000 in bank bills.
This notorious Yazoo land scandal finally landed in the United States Supreme Court in "Fletcher vs Peck", and the Court held that the original sale was valid on the ground that the U.S. Constitution forbids a state to impair the obligation of a contract, which the succeeding Georgia Legislature attempted to do by repealing the act of sale of 1794-95. The deal included about 35,000,000 in land script to satisfy the claimants.
According to Mayes (FH2) the children of William were:
111. James b. ca. 1784 in New Jersey
113. Rebecca b. 11-9-1786
115. Augustus Baldwin, b. 9-22-1790 in Augusta, GA
|Atlanta, GA||October 13, 1955|
William Longstreet was the father of the eminent Augustus Baldwin Longstreet, president of the University of Mississippi, of Emory University, and of South Carolina College and also a writer of note, being the author of Georgia Scenes. He was the grandfather of General James Longstreet, Lee's right-hand man in Virginia. So, in three generations of one Georgia family we have the scientist and inventor, the educator and man of letters, and last, the eminent Southern General in Lee's army. Georgia may well be proud of the name Longstreet.
117. Elias bp. 6-14-1767
118. Anne bp. 4-29-1770
Rebecca d. 8-15-1838 before the pension matter was settled and the claim was renewed by her dau. Ann, 1-21-1843, and she did secure an award of $480 per annum. In her deposition, REbecca stated that she witnessed the Battle of Monmouth from horse-back atop a nearby hill.
The children of Elias are named as Ann and Catherine. In the A.G.O. file, we learn that Catherine d. "some 15 years' before the date of Ann's claim (1843). Ann m. William W. Foster. One document stated that Elias "was a very smart man - he was expelled from college for skating on the roof of the college". From another affidavit we learn that Elias became "very intemperate before his decease".
Among many papers in this interesting file are copies of letters of administration granted to Rebecca and Hendrick Vorhees dated 5-10-1788. See also Inv. Bk A, p.95. (Misc.10:372) has a list of Monmouth County "Associates" which includes the names of John, Elias, and Peter Longstreet. The children of Elias and Rebecca were:
121. Ann b. 4-8-1779 (H&GM11:245)
124. Hendrick b. 5-14-1785
i. Sarah b. 1779, m. Capt. Edward Taylor (H&CM 5:63)
ii. Clemence m. Benjamin Stephens of NYC.
126. Eleanor m. 7-24-1793 Cornellius Cruser (GM of NJ 13:92). Tlhe Inv. of 9-2-1808 (#1372R) with Anna was executrix names a dau. "Ellomen".
i. Theophilus m. 12-6-1798 Zilpah White, dau. of Jacob White of Shrewsbury (H&GM 5:275)
I set out for Squan River. My host there, Derrick Longstreet, has been married for 24 years; his wife once had twins and she made him the father of 16 children, all of whom are alive and well.
By his second wife Richard (Derrick) had seven more children. His will (Bk G. p.109) signed 6-4-1853, lists the children named below and then living (marked with an asterisk *). The other names are from (LH6).
127. Prudence b. 1786
128. Deborah b. 1787
129. Aaron b. 1788
130. Hannah b. 1790
131. Mahalah (Reynolds)* b. 1791
132. Elizabeth (Burdge)* b. 1793
133. ----------b. 1794 (May be the Henrietta who m. John C. Smith)
134. William Morton b. 1795
135. Mary (Ketcham)* b. 1796
136. Lydia b. 1797
137. Catherine (McGill)* b. 1799
138. Abigail (Barbalow)* b. 1799
139. Anne (Clayton)* b. 1802
140. Richard b. 1803*
141. John Morton b. 1804*
142. James M. b. 1808*
143. Zilpah b. 1813
144. Inabe b. 1814
145. Esther b. 1820
146. David b. 1822*
147. Prudence b. 1824
148. Mahlon b. 1825*
149. Thomas b. 1826*
150. James Allen b. 7-5-1818 (cem. inscr. At. View Cem.)
152. Hannah b. 1817 (cem. inscr. as above)
155. Elizabeth (wife of James W. Osborne, as per OC-I)
156. Prudence (wife of Jesse Chamberlain, as per OC-I)
159. Stephen (deceased as of 1837)
160. Mary Ann (wife of William J. Johnson, as in the OC-I file supra)
162. Robert b. 2-29-1799 (sic)
166. James (McChesney) b. 10-9-1816
Received of Deborah Longstreet, guardian of Elizabeth Longstreet, Taber Longstreet, Carhart Longstreet and William Longstreet, ten dollars in full for the amount of monies charged in their several lots of land to make up the deficiencies of the debts due from the estate of Richard Longstreet, deceased, from whom their lands descended. August 1, 1835, Taber Chadwick, Richard Longstreet, executors.
The dates of birth of the children of William G. are taken from the NJ DAR
report in (Misc I, p.62):
167. Kinney b. 4-3-1805, d. 6-13-1835
168. Moses b. 3-17-1807
169. Mary b. 4-20-1808
170. Joseph b. 4-25-1810, d. 7-22-1835
171. Allice b. 8-25-1812
172. Hannah b. 1-14-1814, d. 6-15-1816
173. John H. b. 11-3-1816
174. Elizabeth b. 1-3-1820
175. Taber C. b. 8-22-1822
176. Carhart S. b. 2-21-1825
177. William Tyson b. 2-14-1827
178. John G. - b. 11-3-1795 (This identification is on information of Miss Ethleen Longstreet of Manasquan, a granddaughter of John G.)
179. Barnes Smock b. 1805 (DAR Lin Bk 103:259) No other data available.
180. Cornelius b. 2-16-1809
183. Catherine b. 12-20-1802
184. Samuel b. 12-25-1806
185. Margaret b. 6-6-1809
186. Caroline b. 6-29-1812
187. Archibald C. b. 7-31-1816
188. William C. b. 2-26-1819
189. Aaron B. b. 1-7-1822
190. John R. b. 2-23-1824
iii. Anna m. William Dye
iv. Susan m. Reuben Cheekman
v. Barbara m. William Dean
191. Lewis b. 1795
205. Ann b. 11.28.1804
206. Runyon b. 1806
I am sorry to tell you that I know very little about my maternal grandfather and mother, Aaron Longstreet and Mary Higgins. They came from New Jersey in the year 1815 with six children. Two, John, b. in 1800, and James, b. in 1812, having died in New Jersey. My mother was b. in 1816, a younger sister in 1820. My grandparents returned to New Jersey in 1821 for a visit. They drove through and were gone less than two months. They never made another visit. They were quite old when I was born so I never heard them say very much about their relations. Aaron Longstreet was born 3-3-1775. I do not know his father's name; his mother's maiden name was Ann Wetherly. He had a sister they called Aunt Betsy Rule and another sister and brother who lived to be old. An aunt who was a young lady when they came to Ohio married a man from New Jersey by the name of Abram Simpson. They visited Aunt Betsie and her brother and some relatives in New York City. The family have all passed away so I have no means of finding out. My grandfather died 7-7-1858. My grandmother died 3-20-1862 aged 84 years.
i. John m 6-6-1833 Martha Thompson
ii. Euphane m. _____ Reynolds
iii. Emily m. 12-31-1839 Aaron Hayes
iv. Catherine m. Kenneth N. Conover
207. Aaron b. 11-1-1796
208. Euphemia b. 1-9-1799
209. John b. 11-1-1800
210. Samuel b. 4-13-1803
211. Mary b. 1807
212. James 4-15-1812
213. George b. 7-5-1815
214. Ann b. 12-20-1820
215. Rebecca Ann b. 3-9-1837
i. Sarah m. Verdine E. Fermier (SAR paper #45468)
216. Caroline b. 2-22-1810
217. John b. 3-10-1812
218. Ann b. 1814
219. Aaron S. B. 11-20-1816
221. Samuel b. 5-19-1834 if the data in the Family Bible to be quoted be properly identified here.
222. Lydia prob. m. Aaron McConnell 8-12-1807 (Sussex County Mar.Bk.A,p.89).
iv. Temperance b. 2-6-1793
v. Charles b. 10-10-1795
vi. Elizabeth b. 6-22-1797
vii. Daniel b. 11-18-1799
ix. Euphemia b. 6-11-1802
ii. Archibald b. 1799
x. William b. 1816
About the year 1802 Cornelius Longstreet came to Onondaga West Hill and opened a general store. He was among the first who sold goods oin this county. In 1805 he married Deborah, daughter of Comfort Tyler....He d. in 1814, leaving a large propertly for those times, wlic, however, through the mismanagement of his execlultors, was nearly lost to the family except for their use for a few years.Cornelius was one of the 22 trustees who organized the Onondaga Academy (LH18,p.129) His will (Bk.B,p.128) dated 11-24-1814, was written in his 37th year, reads in part as follows:
I, Cornelius Longstreet, of the town and county of Onondage in the State of New York, do make and ordain and publish this my last will and testament as follows: First, I give and bequeath unto my wife Deborah, her heirs and assigns 20 acres in a square form to be taken off the S.E. corner of lot #120 in the Reservation aforesaid, bounded...... And I do also give unto the said Deborah all her wearing apparel and such household furniture as I now possess as may be deemed necessary for the convenience of the said Deborah and family in case she should choose to keep house, and I also give and bequeath to the said Deborah the barn now standing on lot #120 aforesaid.... I also constitute and appoint Job Tyler of Marcellus, John Van Pelt of Onondage executors of this my last will and testament..... and to pay over annually unto the Saidorah during her lifetime and on her personal applications the sum of $140.00 and also appropriate such sums for the maintenance and education of my children as shell be necessary and they deem expedient.The children are not named in the will, but their names and dates of birth were secured in 1912 from Cornelius' great grand-daughter, Mrs. Sarah L. Tolman of Syracuse. These data may also be found in (FH12,I,p.395), and in the public library of Syracuse.
It was not until 1945 that it was possible to identify whith certainty this Onondage County Cornelius with the son Cornelilus of #45 James. The relation was only a well-founded deduction until the discovery in 1945 of two letters in the C.T.Longstreet file in the Onondaga Historical Association. It is a strange coincidence that these letters should have been preserved. The first was addressed to "Cornelius Longstreet of Princeton, or to Samuel Beckman, near Rocky Hill, Somerset County, NJ" and was sent from Cooperstown, NY on 8-23-1800, and was signed "A. Ten Broeck", with the salutation "Dr Nephew". This letter refers to "Bro Peter", covers miscellaneous matters about real estate and taxes, and closes with the sentence, "Please to tell your Uncle Sammy know....
In the possession of R.J.Longstreet, DeLand Florida are a London-made stem-winding watch and two Masonic emblems once owned by Cornelius Longstret. He was a member of Onondaga Chapter R.A.M. in 1807.
(?)....street (NYG&BR16:153). Thus, at long last, we were able to establish the fact that the Cornelius of the old Bergen account (LH20), and which we also copied from Awry's will #8221L, was in reality our own New York great-great-grand-father. The children of Cornelius and Deborah were:
223. James b. 5-24-1806
224. Elizabeth b. 3-9-1808
225. Helen b. 7-15-1810
226. Jane b. 6-6-1812
227. Cornelius Tyler b. 4-18-1814
232. James b. Sept. 1805 (SCHQ 3:133)
233. Martha b. 7-13-1206 (SCHQ 4:50)
234. Mary b. Feb. 1810 (SCHQ 3:133)
i. Sarah Jane m. Jacob Wikoff 1-20-1842
ii. Rynear S. b. 9-24-1825. Buried in Rairview (?), Illinois (NYG&BR 1/56) (penciled notation)
235. Lucy Ann b. 8-10-1821
236. John Randolph b. 10-28-1825
237. William Roger b. 11-18-1827
238. James Tapscott b. 3-21-1830
239. George Lilvingston b. 11-20-1835
240. Gilbert Hatfield b. 9-8-1841
241. Anna b 1814
242. William D. b 4-22-1817 (A.G.O. file #7648)
243. Sarah d infant
245. John d infant
244. James b 1-18-1821
246. Henrietta b 1822
247. Rebecca b 1824
248. Julia b 1826
249. Elza Parke b 1-20-1828
250. Maria Nelson b Oct 1829
251. Sarah Jane b 7-29-1831
252. Gilbert d. infant
254. William d. infant
255. Gaston d. infant
256. Gilbert II d. infant
257. Alphea A.
258. Hannah B.
259. Elizabeth E.
261. Emma E.
i. Hannah Camfield m Benjamin Baird
ii. William Augustus Camfield b. 4/18/1812 Augusta, GA, d. 8/24/1873 Pontotoc Co., MS m Peninah Freeman 3/26/1835 in Mobile, AL. (Source: Ron Woolley)
iii. Elizabeth Camfield m Jos. Mulligan, Sr.
iv. Mary Camfield m Andrew Boland
v. Rebecca Camfield m Aaron Ruff
vi. John Camfield
vii. Lydia Camfield m Valentine Beauclair
viii. Octavia Camfield m Jos. Mulligan, Jr.
iv. Sarah Camfield
He was graduated at Yale College in 1813, began the study of law at Litchfield, Conn., and was admitted to practice in Georgia in 1815. In 1821 he represented the County of Greene in the Legislature, and in 1822 was made a Judge of the Superior Court of Ocmulgee Circuit. Declining reelection to the bench, he returned to the bar and was especially distinguished for his efforts and successes in criminal cases. In 1822 he removed to Augusta, GA., and founded the Sentinel. In 1838, he entered the ministry of the Methodist Church and was president of Emory College. In 1839-48, he was president of Centenary College in Louisiana, and subsequently of the University of Mississippi, but in 1857 he became president of South Carolina College and a few years later resumed his post at the University of Mississippi. His works include Georgia Scenes, a series of broadly humorous sketches, long popular.His children were:
262. Alfred-Emslely b. 7-20-1820, d. infant
263. Henrietta Augusta b. 12-25-1821
264. Frances Eliza b. Greensboro, Miss. 4-12-1824
265. Virginia Layette b. Greensboro, Miss. 6-24-1826
266. Ebenezer Torrance d. infant
267. George McDuffie d. infant
268. FitzRandolph d. infant
269. Rebecca Lewis d. infant
271. Gilbert Augustus
272. Elizabeth Ellen d. infant
273. Mary Ann
274. Ann White d. infant
iii. Aaron m. Euphemia Wilson
iv. Eleanor m. William Applegate
v. Lydia m. Rev. W.V.Wilson
viii. Henry H.
275. Hendrick H.
276. John S. b. 12-5-1815
277. Catherine Ann
279. Mary Jane
284. ____ d. infant
NOTE: - Mrs. R. B. Stoutenborough of Maroa, Illinois, in a letter of 12-7-1959, gives these added data: Elizabeth was dau of Capt. John Stoutenborough. He was bp. in St. Andrew's Church, Staten Island, N.Y. on 9-1-1754, d. 5-6-1839. His wife was Catherine Holmes, b. 10-19-1765, d. 5-1-1838. Both bur. in Baptist Churchyard, Holmdel, NJ. The Stoutenboroughs are descended from Johan Van Olden Barneveld, the famous Dutch statesman who was beheaded 5-13-1619.
i. Aaron m. ----- Vandeveer
ii. William H. m. Emeline, dau. of Hendrick Longstreet
iii. Eleanor, perhaps m. #76 Barnes
285. Aaron b. 8-17-1805 (Jerseyman of Nov. 1904)
289. Hendrick H. b. 1-11-1819
290. Mary Ann b. 6-30-1821
291. Joseph Holmes b. 7-28-1824 (LH12,etc.)
292. John I.H. b. 2-22-1826 (ditto)
293. Jonathan b. 5-22-1828
294. Ann H. b. Mar. 1830
i. Richard b. 2-27-1794
ii. Rachel b. 3-24-1796
iii. Abraham b. 10-2-1797
iv. Samuel b. 8-16-1799
v. Aaron b. 8-12-1801
vi. Eleaor b. 1806, m. Abraham Van Arsdale Polhemus (G&H#7104, and #7472).
i. Francis b. 1805 d. infant
ii. Richard b. 1808 d. infant
iii. Jeremiah b. 1812 d. infant
iv. Lydia b. 1812 d. infant
v. Francis b. 3-18-1813
vi. Richard L. b. 1816
vii. Sarah Ann b. 1818
viii. Catherine b. 1819
ix. Jeremiah b. 1822
x. Deborah b. 1824
xi. Lucinda b. 1826
xii. Angeline b. 1829
295. James Morford b. 1826 (cem. inscr. Ivy Hill Cem,. in Philadelphiak, Penna.
i. Lydia Ann Burdge b. 1815, m. Jos. Morris
ii. Mary Magdeline Burdge b. 3-12-1816, m. 2-5-1835 Abram Wooley
iii. John Longstreet Burdge b. 7-11-1817, m. 10-30-1833 Elizabeth Wooley
iv. Hannah Burdge b. 4-4-1819, m. 11-30-1835 Levi Wooley
v. Joseph Longstreet Burdge b. 6-25-1820, m. Mary Power
vi. Phoebe Ann Burdge b. 3-16-1823, m. 2-14-1851 William C. Matthews
vii. Richard Longstreet Burdge b. 11-10-1824, m. Emeline O. Allen
viii. Jonathan Longstreet Burdge b. 8-1-1826, m. Mary Reynolds
ix. Elizabeth Burdge b. 11-13-1827
x. Margaret Burdge b. 7-13-1829, m. William West
xi. Thomas Tilton Burdge b. 1-23-1831, m. Jane Luker
xii. James M. Burdge b. 3-20-1833, m. Hannah Marrier
xiii. Prudence Emma Burdge b. 5-24-1835, m. ----- Platt
296. Charles Henry
297. John L.
298. Ellen (Covert)
299. Elizabeth (Brown)
300. Lydia (Maps)
301. Moses (deceasd)
302. Deborah (Conrow)
303. William Morton b. in NJ 4-15-1825
304. James Munroe b. in NJ, 2-13-1829 (or 3-11-1827) (ago Old Records Section, Can #311, Bundle #203) has an affidavit that he was b. 3-11-1827; in another affidavit, he himself said that he was b. in 1826.
305. Phebe b. 2-13-1829
306. Derrick Henry b. Brooklyn, NY, 3-22-1832
307. Allen M. b. Brooklyn, NY, 12-12-1834
308. Abert Roberts b. Brooklyn, NY, 6-29-1840
309. Jane Ann b. Brooklyn, NY, 9-30-1842
310. Daniel Francis b. Thompson, Conn. 7-9-1846
311. Charles P. b. 9-14-1844 (if cem. inscr. in Brielle Cem., NJ is his)
312. James J.
313. Lydia m. (Shem Pearce)
314. Rachel m. (Lewis Curtis)
315. Sarah m. (William Matthews)
316. Mary Eliza m. (George Brown) See also will #14831M of wife Mary who d. 1887, and (LA-A, p. 438)
317. George b. 8-12-1843, d. 9-5-1863
318. Richard b. 8-12-1843, d. 8-29-1863
319. Mary E. d. 1-13-1851, aged 1.2.18
320. Thomas E. d. 2-1-1861, aged 6.4.2
322. Mattie m. _____ Heyers
323. Elizabeth m. Elias Wills
324. Richard b. 1863 d. 1883
325. Corliss b. 1867 d. 1914
326. Oakey b. 1877 d. 1878
328. Enos b. 7-15-1850 (cem. inscr. At. View Cem.)
329. Spencer b. 1857 (cem. inscr. At. View Cem.)
330. Ulysses b. 1-29-1865 (cem. inscr. At. View Cem.)
336. Theodore b. 1840 (cem. inscr.. At. View Cem.)
338. AdeliaThe will is L-2, p.233, dated 4-27-1903 does not seem to be that of this #158 John because of date confllicts. But no other will for this man is known to the writer.
344. Catherine Sophia
345. Robert Nathaniel
346. James Francis
347. Ann Aurelia
348. Harriet Prudence
349. George Walter
350. William (see note later)
351. George W. b. 1-1-1843, d. 8-24-1848
352. daughter, d. infant
174. ELIZABETH b. 1-3-1820, m. Thomas Curtis, d. 8-10-1902
i. Amelia m. James Osborne Longstreet, son of John G. of 'Squan
353. Henry b. 1847, d 1924 (same cem. as above)
355. Martha b. 1852, d. 1918 (same cem.)
356. Abraham O. b. 4-20-1849
357. Amelia b. 1851
358. Cornelius Timbrook b. 12-30-1857
363. Ann Marie
364. James Osborne
365. Sarah Loisa
367. Margaret b. 1829
368. John Henry, b. 6-3-1832
369. Andrew J. b. 1-18-1834
370. Elizabeth Ann b. 10-2-1835
371. Rachel Matilda b. 9-24-1837
372. George Washington b. 6-6-1840
373. Anna Janorah b. 4-10-1844
374. Robert Frank b. 2-18-1846
375. Charles Conover b. 5-27-1853
Mon. Co. Mar. Bk. B, p.75 record probably belong here:
Garret m. Elizabeth Rogers, 1-24-1820, see also RD-A, p.165
379. Archibald C
381. Samuel H.
382. Margaret M.
383. Sarah E.
384. Mary Emily
386. William L.
390. Edwin G.
397. William Bedford
398. Samuel Price
399. Francis Price
i. W. L. Oliver
ii. Thomas, b. 1834, m. 1864 Mary J. Davidson (SAR papers #36022 and DAR Lin. Bk. 150, p. 36.
402. John b. 9-2-1832
403. George b. 2-10-1835
404. Aaron b. 12-4-1838
408. Clara b.2-25-1848
410. Mary Jane b. 1851
iv. Aaron L. b. 1825, m. Sarah Schenck, 1-8-1850, d 10-13-1905 (Probably had 5 more).
411. Sarah b. 9-30-1826, d. 1-28-1836
412. Eliza Ann b. 3-12-1830 in Montgomery County, Ohio, m. Jacob L. Pope, d. Kane, Ohio (?) 7-29-1908.
413. Aaron b. 2-17-1833 in Ohio. d. Jerseyville, Ill. 1-15-1859.
414. Effie Susan B. 8-11-1840, m. 8-17-1861 Charles B. Twiss, moved to Washington, 1870, d. 1-15-1914.
415. Samuel b. 9-15-1845, d. 5-17-148 in Jerseyville.
416. George Montgomery b. 6-9-1848, m. Mary _____, 3-30-18__, moved to Washington, 1872, d. 5-15-1916.
417. Aaron b. 7-15-1843, d. 8-28-1879
418. Margaret E. b. 7-16-1847, d. 10-12-1856
419. Clery (Clara) A. b. 4-26-1852
420. Charles S. b. 7-19-1856
421. George K. b. 5-22-1860
i. Rebecca m. Frank Gallaher.
iii. Lavonia m. ____ Dodds
iv. Mary m. ____ Owens
422. Anna b. 8-6-1854, m. ______ Gaines (?)
423. Eliza A. b. 10-30-1856, d. 6-25-1888
424. Samuel b. 12-5-1859, d. 8-19-1861
425. Jared Irwin b. 4-27-1862, d. 6-20-1864
426. William P. b. 1-30-1865
427. Jacob W. b. 4-6-1867
428. Elizabeth b. 5-9-1871, d.1871
429. Adelia b. 7-4-1872
430. Charles T. b. 3-15-1874
431. Van Buyn b. 8-29-1876
432. Lulu S. b. 1-10-1879
433. Edward S. b. 10-8-1887 (twin)
434. Mary H. b. 10-8-1887 (twin)
435. Ella P. b. 1-27-1893, d. 8-18-1895
436. Cornelius Herbert, b. Baldwinsville, NY (Onondega County), 4-11-1831
437. James Oliver, b. 11-16-1833
438. Joseph Breed, b. 8-29-1835
439. Ellen Elizabeth, b. 9-10-1838
440. Louisa Annis, b. 9-5-1840
441. Laura Breed, b. 1-19-1845
*** Transcribed to here.
512. Cornelius B.
545. George S.
546. Margaret H.
584. Elizabeth A., b. June, 1872
585. Joseph O. b.12-30-1874
586. George R. b. 6-18-1877
587. Harry Hudson, b. 9-26-1881
588. Martha Bell, b. 4-3-1890
596. Mary Ella b. 1859
597. May R. b. 1861
598. Ida b. 1862
(Part of the manuscript is missing.)
606. Ella b. 1-16-1865
607. Dora b. 6-28-1864
608. William Bailey b. 2-9-1872
609. May b. 5-7-1974
610. Imogene b. 11-24-1883
i. Estella b. 1871, m. _____Niederlander. Her dau. Jeannette of Middletown, Ohio, furnished data for preceeding name.
"I never saw my grandparents on either side...I can give you no information at all in regard (to them) but my father was a noble man, kind and affectionate in his family, and always ready to do a kind act for everyone he came in contact with. He was very religious and devoted to the church and its interests. He was a generous, kind-hearted loving father in every way."In 1929, it was the writer's pleasure to visit this great-aunt at the home of her daughter in Amherst, Mass. Her children were:
1.Charles E. Fulmer, b. 4-5-1861, m. Addie Rice; he was a Methodist minister, in Washington.
2.Henry Elton Fulmer, b. 2-6-1863, m. Helen Anghey. He was a college professor.
3.Clark A. Fulmer, b. 4-22-1867, m. Evaline Anne Ingham, d. Lincoln, Nebr. age 73. We insert a brief biog. Nationally known in education, Dr. Fulmer's story of success was one of advancement from rural school teacher to the position he held when he died (State Director of Vocational Education for Nebraska)...He was Chancellor of Nebraska Weslyan University from 1911-1917. Previously he had acted as Chancellor for one year and Dean of the College of Liberal Arts for three years, 1908-1911. Born in Marcellus, NY, he attended public school in Gibbon, Nebraska, the Nebraska Baptist Seminary, and graduated from the Fremond Normal School in 1892, PhB Nebraska Weslyan 1898; AM Univ. of Nebraska 1910, LLD Grand Island College 1914, EdB Nebraska Weslyan 1934. He was president of the S.E. Nebraska Education Association in 1904, Chairman state board of examiners 1906-1908, pres. Nebraska State Teachers Association 1903, pres National Association of State Directors of Vocational Education 1925, steward of St. Paul's Methodist Church. His son Ellis was a PhD professor of biochemistry at Iowa State. Both father and son were in WHO'S WHO IN AMERICA at the same time, rather an unusual occurence.
4.Minnie Louise Fulmer, b. 4-11-1869, m. 4-2-1891 Lewis A. Wight, resided in Lincoln, Nebr. d. 6-18-1955
5.Nellie Fulmer, b. 5-22-1873, m. Roscoe Thatcher 8-25-1896 who later became Pres, Mass State College."
i. James Longstreet Whelchel (1896-1989)
ii. John Esten Whelchel (1898- )
iii. Katherine Louise Whelchel (1900- )
iv. Elizabeth Whelchel (1902-1982)
v. Mary Whelchel (1904- )
vi. David Lee Whelchel (1905-1982)
i. Randolph Long
ii. Vinell Long
iii. Annie Laurie Long
iv. Meta Long
v. Max Long
vi. Allan Long
642. Mary Eleanor b. Toronto, Canada 1889. Residence, 3754 Woodlawn Avenue, Cleveland, OH.
643. Laura Beatrice b. 1895
644. Bonnie Madeline b. 1897
719. Myra Lotta, b. Daytona Beach, FL, 9-22-1923
720. James Rubert, b. Daytona Beach, FL, 4-25-1925
i. Dorothy Elizabeth Schreck, b. 3-15-1920
ii. Marion Louise Schreck, b. 12-19-1921